Unlike the War of 1812 and wars to come like the World Wars, Canada was not officially a combatant in the American Civil War. However, perhaps as many as 55,000 Canadians served in the Union and Confederate armies during the conflict from 1861-1865. Some were Canadians living in the United States, others were paid substitutes for American draftees, and some were tricked or coerced into joining up. Both the Union and Confederate armies set up enlistment offices in Canada.
Four Canadians rose to the rank of General in the Union Army. 29 Canadians, including Benjamin Franklin Youngs, were awarded the Medal of Honor.
Researched and written by John Milner.